Natural Dyes Vs Synthetic Dyes

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Natural and Synthetic dyes have their own pros and cons. Some believe one may be better than the other, but that isn’t true. One stands a chance at one aspect while other on another aspect.

Lets begin with understanding what Natural and Synthetic dyes are?
Natural dyes are colourants derived from plants, invertebrates and other natural substances, i.e from several vegetable and plant sources. While Synthetic dyes are just the exact opposite. They are man-made. These dyes are made from petroleum, also sometimes combined with mineral-derived components.

Discovered in the mid-19th century, mauveine, the first man-made colourant, transformed textile manufacturing. It was founded serendipitously by William Henry Perk in the year 1856. The birth of synthetic colours let manufacturers of several dyes and pigments, Reactive Dyes Manufacturers, Direct Dyes Manufacturers, Organic pigment manufacturers etc to operate in large quantities, and offer vivid, rich colours. They then became, the go-to option, mainly because of their list of features:

  • They stick to fabrics easily.
  • They don’t lose pigmentation.
  • They offer a limitless palette of colour options.

Natural dyes on the other hand have a primitive, more romantic heritage. Indigo, the commonly known natural dye, is found back to the days of the civilisation of India’s Indus river valley. Natural dyes are also environmentally friendly as compared to chemical dyes largely in use. Synthetic dyes have caused health problems to human beings and have polluted the natural resources in the textile dyeing process. Although the country’s mills have made progress and the work is yet on to reduce their chemical footprint, rinsed water from the dying process is still considered responsible for contaminating several Indian rivers.

But as we said earlier, both the dyes have their own advantages and disadvantages!

Natural dyes lag behind certain traits in comparison with synthetic dyes. They lack the vividness of synthetic dyes and rely on fertile land to produce the base matter, such as cotton, the simplest textile for natural dyes to comply to.

All-natural fabrics and dyes are a luxury product, not suitable for mass consumerism. While synthetic dyes are inexpensive and available widely. Also, knowing the difficulties of producing natural dyes and the resources required to do so, such as water and land against the vast commercial markets across the globe, it’s not possible to use only natural dyes.

It would probably be wise to employ both, natural and synthetic dyes in the colouring sector. The solution lies in the mix of the two i.e making a hybrid. This field yet requires a lot of discovery i.e ways to enhance the usage of natural and synthetic dyes by combining them.

Alliance Organics LLP is one of the leading Reactive dyes manufacturer, Organic dyes manufacturer, Inkjet dyes manufacturer, Direct dyes manufacturer etc in India. They also produce a range of pigments. Being Indian manufacturers, they export their products globally to several countries. USA, China, Brazil, Russia and Indonesia are their top trade partners. Visit to know more.


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